Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, an independent agency of the Government of the United States was created in 1933 in a section of the law of the Federal Reserve Bank deposits insured in the bank failures. In 1950, the part of the company law has been changed and made a special law, the FDI. The law provides up to $100,000 of insurance for each depositor in a bank. The latest series of amendments to the Act came into force During April 2006, gives insurance coverage to $ 250,000 in individual retirement accounts (IRA) in FDIC insured banks and savings banks, credit unions and guaranteed by the management of Ncua.
The banks that meet admission requirements of the Federal Reserve will join automatically insured by the company, including national central banks of the comptroller of the currency and the Federal Government for the banks to the charter system. State-chartered banks, such as savings, members can not be sure that your insurance needs.
During 1989, the FIR Recovery and deletion Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation and moved its functions to the FDIC. The FDIC administers two deposit insurance fund now: Its insured commercial banks and savings association insurance for savings earlier by FSLIC.
The main functions of the company should be insured depositors when the bank is closed, to be paid, without sufficient resources to have to pay the claims of depositors as a receiver for all national banks and state banks, the suspension of the law raised in this case in order to state authorities and the development or maintenance to avoid false practices of banks. The company may also borrow or buy the assets of insured banks to facilitate a merger or consolidation, if the measure will defense or reduce the loss of business or should the operation of a troubled bank adequate banking services in a community. The company does not regularly reviewed by members of the insured banks by the Federal Reserve System and sets standards for advertising and payment deposits’ interest.
Recent amendments to the Federal Deposit Insurance, the insurance in the amount of $ 100,000 increased to $ 250 thousands for an IRA and other retirement accounts. the other types are self-directed accounts used, “457” Plan retirement accounts of employees of state government and self-401 (k) (see performance). All these changes are IRAs, including traditional and Roth IRA. These amendments entered into force on 1 April 2006. Using the new rules, all bank deposits insured by the FDIC or credit union insured by the rise to such retirement accounts insured to $ 250,000. This is separate from the other accounts in the same institution, who are still insured until $ 100,000.
The IRA is invested in bank deposits, for example CDs’. The FDIC does not insure mutual funds, stocks, bonds or bonds sold by banks or savings banks.
The new amendments also a method for considering increases in insurance limits for all savings accounts. From 2011, limits the possibility of increasing the FDIC, each five years. The considerations are based in part based on the inflation rate.
The FDIC is managed by a board of five members of the board. All are appointed by the president and confirmed by the senate. Not more than three may be of the same political party. The FDIC is has in Washington, DC, established six regional offices and locations across the country.